Scholars have noted important connections between the episode of the transfiguration (in Matthew 17) and the episode at Gethsemane (in Matthew 26). There are at least seven points of contact.
- Both events are associated with a mountain. In Matthew 17 the mountain is unnamed (17:1), while in Matthew 26 the mountain is the Mount of Olives (26:30).
- Both events involve Jesus taking the same three disciples. In 17:1, he took Peter, James, and John. And in 26:37, he separated the same three from the other disciples.
- At the transfiguration we hear the words of the Father (17:5), while at Gethsemane we hear the words of the Son (26:39, 42).
- At the transfiguration, the disciples fell on their faces (17:6). At Gethsemane, Jesus fell on his face (26:39).
- At the transfiguration, the disciples were awake and alert to all that took place (17:4, 6, 8). At Gethsemane, Jesus repeatedly found them sleeping (26:40, 43, 45).
- The transfiguration displayed the divine glory of Jesus (17:2). The episode at Gethsemane displayed the overwhelming sorrow of Jesus (26:37-38).
- After the transfiguration, Jesus says the Son of Man would suffer at the hands of others (17:12). At Gethsemane, Jesus was delivered into the hands of others (26:45-46, 49-50).