In G. K. Beale’s Handbook on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament, he explains 5 presuppositions that the NT writers hold (pp. 96-97).
- There is the apparent assumption of corporate solidarity or representation.
- In the light of corporate solidarity or representation, Christ as the Messiah is viewed as representing the true Israel of the OT and the true Israel–the church–in the NT.
- History is unified by a wise and sovereign plan so that the earlier parts are designed to correspond and point to the later parts.
- The age of eschatological fulfillment has come in Christ.
- The later parts of biblical history function as the broader context for interpreting earlier parts because they all have the same, ultimate divine author who inspires the various human authors.