Scholars are agreed that Matthew was dependent on 1-2 (or as a unit: the book of) Chronicles for most of the genealogy in his opening chapter.
Further observations can be made about Matthew and the book of Chronicles:
- Matthew and Chronicles are the only books in the entire Bible that begin with genealogy.
- Matthew and Chronicles end in strikingly similar ways. In his book The Four (p. 120), Peter Leithart sees a sequence of three elements: both Matthew and Chronicles end with (1) a statement regarding universal authority, (2) a statement regarding the source of authority, and (3) a commission to “go.”
- Chronicles lists descendants of the First Adam, while Matthew lists ancestors of the Last Adam.
- Chronicles is the final book in the OT canon (in the Jewish order of Law, Prophets, Writings), and Matthew is the first book in the NT canon.
- Chronicles tells the story of the Davidic line that ends in exile, and Matthew tells the story about the Son of David launching a new exodus from the deepest exile.
Are there other connections?