Triads in the Letter of Jude

Part of Jude’s literary artistry is his use of triads.  A study of the letter will reveal the following sets of threes:

  • Jude’s recipients are those called, beloved in God the Father and kept for Jesus Christ (v. 1)
  • Jude’s prayer is for mercy, peace, and love to be multiplied (v. 2)
  • The readers should remember God’s judgment on the wilderness generation, the angels who rebelled, and Sodom and Gomorrah (vv. 5-7)
  • Relying on their dreams, the intruders defile the flesh, reject authority, and blaspheme angels (v. 8)
  • The intruders’ actions remind Jude of Cain’s way, Balaam’s error, and Korah’s rebellion (v. 11)
  • The intruders are grumblers, malcontents, and boasters (v. 16)
  • The intruders are divisive, worldly, and lack the Spirit (v. 19)
  • The readers should keep themselves in God’s love as they are building themselves up in the faith, praying in the Spirit, and waiting for the mercy of Christ (vv. 20-21)
  • The readers will pray in the Spirit, keep themselves in the love of God, and wait for the mercy of Jesus (vv. 20-21)
  • The readers should have mercy on doubters, save others from the fire, and show mercy to others (vv. 22-23)
  • Glory goes to God before all time, now, and forever (v. 25)

Did I miss any triplets?

Why does Jude favor them so much?

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